Dear Fellow Southerners,

I am proud of my Southern Heritage, I am proud of my ancestors who fought for what they believed. I grew up in Lexington Virginia where two Southern military giants are buried. I attended a school steeped in the traditions of the South, I belong to a fraternity that is also steeped in Southern tradition, and lastly my abiding academic interest has always been Southern political history.

Now let me tell you something, the Confederate States lost. Yes they were defeated, Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, Jefferson Davis was captured and imprisoned, and the last of the Confederate forces gave it up by June 1865. In April 1865 the Confederate States of America ceased to exist and became a part of the history books.

When the first former Confederate used the Confederate Battle Flag to terrorize freed Black Southerners it ceased to a banner worthy of admiration. Its honor was besmirched; it ties to a heritage of bravery severed.

Patrician Southerners have claimed it was an honorable symbol, but they did nothing to condemn the racism of Klan and other hate groups, they did nothing to end the terrorism of the Klan; the only action they took was to insure that freed Blacks were denied the right to vote, that Jim Crow segregation was imposed, that Southern Blacks were enslaved in a legal and social slavery that guaranteed they were at best second class citizens.

Imagine for a moment if Germans were to display the Nazi flag, we would be going high and to the right demanding they take it down because of what it represents as a symbol. The Confederate Battle Flag, or any Confederate Flag for that matter is a symbol of hate; it is a symbol of terrorism.

My fellow Southerners it time to take the flags down, it is time to put them in the museums. It is time to quit pretending the Confederate Flag is anything but a symbol of hate.

Henry J. Foresman, Jr.

2 thoughts on “Take the Flags Down

  1. The Global economy is nothing new…. If you need something to vilify Try the evolution of the global business model and the British.

    Inasmuch, Hank, to compare the elements of the world economic world order that was coming to a close in the mid 1800 to Nazism is a bit short sighted. With the inventions of number of labor saving devices, slavery as it was was on the way out… How many jobs today have been replaced by the computer and robots… so goes the world economic order. Be a Luddite
    and put the computer in the museum…

    The best-known triangular trading system is the transatlantic slave trade, that operated from the late 16th to early 19th centuries, carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers, with the northern colonies of British North America, especially New England, sometimes taking over the role of Europe.[1] The use of African slaves was fundamental to growing colonial cash crops, which were exported to Europe. European goods, in turn, were used to purchase African slaves, which were then brought on the sea lane west from Africa to the Americas, the so-called Middle Passage.[2]

    A classic example is the colonial molasses trade. Sugar (often in its liquid form, molasses) from the Caribbean was traded to Europe or New England, where it was distilled into rum. The profits from the sale of sugar were used to purchase manufactured goods, which were then shipped to West Africa, where they were bartered for slaves. The slaves were then brought back to the Caribbean to be sold to sugar planters. The profits from the sale of the slaves were then used to buy more sugar, which was shipped to Europe, etc. The trip itself took five to twelve weeks.

    The first leg of the triangle was from a European port to Africa, in which ships carried supplies for sale and trade, such as copper, cloth, trinkets, slave beads, guns and ammunition.[3] When the ship arrived, its cargo would be sold or bartered for slaves. On the second leg, ships made the journey of the Middle Passage from Africa to the New World. Many slaves died of disease in the crowded holds of the slave ships. Once the ship reached the New World, enslaved survivors were sold in the Caribbean or the American colonies. The ships were then prepared to get them thoroughly cleaned, drained, and loaded with export goods for a return voyage, the third leg, to their home port,[4] from the West Indies the main export cargoes were sugar, rum, and molasses; from Virginia, tobacco and hemp. The ship then returned to Europe to complete the triangle.

    However, because of several disadvantages that slave ships faced compared to other trade ships, they often returned to their home port carrying whatever goods were readily available in the Americas and filled up a large part or all of their capacity with ballast. Other disadvantages include the different form of the ships (to carry as many humans as possible, but not ideal to carry a maximum amount of produce) and the variations in the duration of a slave voyage, making it practically impossible to pre-schedule appointments in the Americas, which meant that slave ships often arrived in the Americas out-of-season. Instead, the cash crops were transported mainly by a separate fleet which only sailed from Europe to the Americas and back. The Triangular trade is a trade model, not an exact description of the ship’s route.[5]
    New England

    New England also benefited from the trade, as many merchants from New England, especially the state of Rhode Island, replaced the role of Europe in the triangle. New England also made rum from the Caribbean sugar and molasses, which it shipped to Africa as well as within the New World.[6] Yet, the “triangle trade” as considered in relation to New England was a piecemeal operation. No New England traders are known to have completed a sequential circuit of the full triangle, which took a calendar year on average, according to historian Clifford Shipton.[7] The concept of the New England Triangular trade was first suggested, inconclusively, in an 1866 book by George H. Moore, was picked up in 1872 by historian George C. Mason, and reached full consideration from a lecture in 1887 by American businessman and historian William B. Weeden.[8] The song “Molasses to Rum” from the musical 1776 vividly describes this form of the triangular trade.
    Other triangular trades

    The term “triangular trade” also refers to a variety of other trades.

    A trade pattern which evolved before the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain, the colonies of British North America, and British colonies in the Caribbean. This typically involved exporting raw resources, such as fish (especially salt cod), agricultural produce or lumber, from British North American colonies to slaves and planters in the West Indies; sugar and molasses from the Caribbean; and various manufactured commodities from Great Britain.[9]
    The shipment of Newfoundland salt cod and corn from Boston in British vessels to southern Europe.[10] This also included the shipment of wine and olive oil to Britain.
    A new “sugar triangle” developed in the 1820s and 1830s whereby American ships took local produce to Cuba, then brought sugar or coffee from Cuba to the Baltic coast (Russian Empire and Sweden), then bar iron and hemp back to New England.[11]


    About.com: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Accessed 6 November 2007.
    National Maritime Museum – Triangular Trade. Accessed 26 March 2007.
    Scotland and the Abolition of the Slave Trade. Accessed 28 March 2007.
    A. P. Middleton, Tobacco Coast.
    Emmer, P.C.: The Dutch in the Atlantic Economy, 1580–1880. Trade, Slavery and Emancipation. Variorum Collected Studies Series CS614, 1998.
    Slavery in Rhode Island Slavery in the North Accessed 11 September 2011.
    Curtis, Wayne. And a Bottle of Rum. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2006–2007. ISBN 978-0-307-33862-4. page 117.
    Curtis, Wayne. And a Bottle of Rum. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2006–2007. ISBN 978-0-307-33862-4. page 119.
    Kurlansky, Mark. Cod: A Biography of the Fish That Changed the World. New York: Walker, 1997. ISBN 0-8027-1326-2.
    Morgan, Kenneth. Bristol and the Atlantic Trade in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-33017-3. Pages 64–77.

    Chris Evans and Göran Rydén, Baltic Iron in the Atlantic World in the Eighteenth Century : Brill, 2007 ISBN 978-90-04-16153-5, 273.

    External links

  2. Henry- I absolutely agree with you.I am no fan of political correctness- but neither am I a fan of speech or symbolic gestures that primarily serve to hurt fellow citizens by reminding them of gross civil injustices perpetrated against them or their ancestors. The Civil War has been over for more than 150 years and in truth it was fought for an ignoble cause, and used as a symbol by many whose primary focus was the disenfranchisement of an entire race of our fellow citizens. Take the flag down and put it in the museum where it belongs.

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